Prague is a city of many things. Besides being absolutely beautiful and equal to Paris with its attractiveness, it boasts with millennial history, best beer that is cheaper than water, large cultural scene expressed in concerts and museums, and an unforgettable nightlife. I call it a sin city, and if you have been here, you know what I mean. Get ready to enjoy the most fascinating and memorable trip to Europe.
I can talk about Prague a lot, but this post is all about the main sightseeing you can do in a day so that you have plenty of time to go to museums, shop, drink beer and try the cuisine, enjoy the sun in beautiful parks or whatever you desire to do.
This is the proven tour I always did with my guests visiting me.
The length of the whole trip is 6km and will take you at least half of the day depending on when you start, what is the pace of your walk and how long you will stay in each location. Save the map to your Google account.
A. Wenceslas Square
The main square of the city is a landmark of many historical events such as demonstrations, celebrations, and other public gatherings. Named after Saint Wenceslas, the patron saint of Bohemia, the area is more of a boulevard rather than a square.
On one end there is a neoclassical National Museum and on the other pathway to Old Town. A statue of St. Wenceslas on his horse adorns the area.
A vibrant place with apartments, restaurants, nightclubs, shops and hotels, the square is the meeting point for many, including locals and visitors.
B. Upside-Down Statue of St. Wenceslas
The Lucerna Palace hides a rather interesting sculpture of St. Wenceslas. Called The Dead Horse is a work of Czech sculptor David Černý. Some consider is a parody of a statue in front of the National Museum, but for some, it is an attack on Vaclav Klaus, President of Czech Republic.
However, Černý never comments on this work; he does not need to honestly. If on your trip to Prague you see something extraordinary, like an old Soviet tank painted in pink floating on the Vltava, then you are a witness of Černys another creation. You can see his more permanent arts across the city.
C. The Powder Tower
The Gothic tower is one of the original city gates out of 13. It was intended to be a nice-looking city entrance, as an alternative to a defensive tower. In the 19th century, the tower was used for the coronation ceremonies, during which Kings of Prague would walk through and lead to Prague Castle.
The name, Powder Tower, comes from the time when the city initials used it to store gunpowder.
Right behind the tower is a breathtaking Municipal Hall for you to check out. And if you fancy a classical music concert, you can attend one here.
D. Astronomical Clock
Astronomical Clock, or Orloj as locals call it, is a medieval clock installed in 1410. It is considered the third older clock in the world and the oldest one that operates. The clock attracts hundreds of tourists each hour to watch a marvelous mechanical performance of 12 apostles greeting the city, a skeleton ringing a bell, a miser with a purse full of money, a Turk shaking his head, and Vanity looking in a mirror.
While looking at the clock, you can tell what day it is and its position in the week, month and year. Besides, the clock tracks Sidereal time, Central European and Babylonian.
E. Charles Bridge
A 621 meters long pedestrian Gothic bridge, it was the only means of river Vltava crossing until 1841; therefore, it played an important part to connect Prague Castle and Old Town. Guarded by three towers, the bridge boasts with 30 statues and statuaries mostly made in baroque style. Currently, erected statues are replicas of the original.
F. Lennon Wall
The John Lennon Wall is a manifestation of freedom, peace, and love. The wall is full of different lyrics of Beatles songs or other forms of graffiti, making it an attractive spot for visitors. The whole concept started in 1988 by youngsters to demonstrate their thoughts about communist regime. The authorities repainted the wall; however, the activists did not back down and redrew poems the next day.
The wall endlessly experiences change, and the original portrait of Lennon is long lost. However, it is always full of absorbing writings or drawings. You can put your mark on the wall as well.
G. St. Nicholas Church
A baroque church built between 1704-1755 is located right at the end of Charles Bridge. The inspirer of the church’s such beautiful interior was the chapel of St. Louis-des-Invalides in Paris.
During the WWII, the local army stationed at St. Nicholas were set to restore once closed church by the emperor Josef II together with professional artists. What you see today is thanks to their marvelous work. Today it serves as a church and a venue for classical concerts.
H. Prague Castle
Get ready to hike a hill in order to get to the Prague Castle, the largest coherent castle complex in the world, covering the area of almost 70,000 m². A UNESCO World Heritage site, the complex features large-scale palaces and ecclesiastical buildings all done in different architectural styles.
Historically, the castle has been an official seat for kings, emperors, and presidents. The Bohemian Crown Jewels are hidden in a dedicated room inside the compound.
Besides the churches and towers, the complex boasts with a unique small street called a Golden Lane. According to a legend, the name derives from the alchemists who looked here for gold production. However, they never lived or worked here.
The lane boasts with tiny colorful houses and accommodates souvenir shops and a Medieval armory museum. Also, Franz Kafka used house no.22 for his writings in a peaceful environment.
Even though there is an entrance fee for those significant places, after the closure of Prague Castle interior, you can wander here for free. However, bear in mind that some of the shops might be closed.
The formerly Jewish ghetto of Prague, Josefov lies in Old Town. Its history started from the 13th century when Jews were ordered to empty their houses and settle in only one place. Over the time, new Jews would arrive from neighboring countries leading to compact and overcrowded settlement.
The Quarter has six synagogues, the ceremonial hall, and the old cemetery, the most remarkable of its kind in Europe. The landmarks even survived the Nazi occupation; Hitler himself decided to save it as a “Museum of an Extinct Race.”
J. Old Town
A historic square of Prague center is located between Wenceslas Square and the Charles Bridge.
The square boasts with various architectural style buildings such as the Gothic Church of Our Lady before Týn and Astronomical Clock along with many souvenir shops, art galleries, museums, shops, and restaurants.